Brookes began by stating that "conservatives need to understand that without basic monetary reform there is no way to balance the U.S. budget, with or without tax increases and budget cuts, and even with the most optimistic GNP growth projections." He then offered a 3 part solution:
(1) "the nation must return as quickly as possible to gold-based money and debt" (Heritage's Policy Review published another piece endorsing a return to the gold standard as a key component of balancing the budget, in the next issue, by the late Congressman, HUD Secretary and Vice Presidential candidate -- Jack Kemp, My Plan To Balance The Budget, Spring 1986)
(2) we should allow "free exchange of gold and silver, both public and private, setting up a parallel monetary system on a free market basis, allowing the public to choose," (Heritage's Policy Review published another piece endorsing the idea of Hayekian currency competition or privatization, also in the next issue -- Richard W. Rahn, Time To Privatize Money?, Spring 1986) and
(3) "the Federal Reserve would be phased back to its original role as a bank-owned clearing house, thus eliminating its huge and costly presence in the money markets where its open market operations now run as high as $1 trillion a year."
With all of the talk about the "fiscal cliff" and raising the debt ceiling yet again, it is clear that the problems of the Federal budget and debt, and especially the cost of servicing the Federal debt, have certainly not gotten any better since Warren Brookes's solutions were published (and ignored) in 1986.
In the opening days of the new session of Congress, a number of bills have been introduced that would partially enact these solutions:
(i) Congressman Paul Broun's H.R. 73 (Federal Reserve Board Abolition Act) and
(ii) H.R. 77 (Free Competition in Currency Act of 2013), both similar to bills previously introduced by Dr. Ron Paul. (Congressmen Broun and Steve Stockman have also introduced bills to audit the Federal Reserve, also similar to bills previously introduced by Congressman and Senator Paul -- H.R. 24 (Federal Reserve Transparency Act of 2013) and H.R. 33 (Audit The Fed Act of 2013)).
We’ll see just how serious Washington, D.C. is about the budget and debt crises.
Will America start prospering again — as it has not prospered for over a decade? Likely yes. But not without a fight. Now that Jim DeMint has raided Steve Moore from the Wall Street Journal that card might be Heritage Foundation vs. the White House. Could be big.
John Holdren, now Obama’s White House science advisor, 40 years ago termed America “overdeveloped.” Holdren co-authored a 1993 book, Human Ecology: Problems and Solutions, with Anne and Paul Ehrlich reportedly saying that, “A massive campaign must be launched to restore a high-quality environment in North America and to de-develop the United States….” (Emphasis supplied.)
As a soldier of France, no one knew better than Professor Jacques Rueff, the famous French central banker, that World War I had brought to an end the preeminence of the classical European states system and its monetary regime, the classical gold standard. World War I had decimated the flower of European youth; it had destroyed the European continent’s industrial primacy. No less ominously, the historic monetary standard of commercial civilization had collapsed into the ruins occasioned by the Great War. The international gold standard -- the gyroscope of the Industrial Revolution, the common currency of the world trading system, the guarantor of more than one-hundred years of a stable monetary system, the balance wheel of unprecedented economic growth -- all this was brushed aside by the belligerents.
Publisher's Note: Originally released in June/July of 1991, this detailed report discusses Jacques Rueff's economic theories and applies them to modern economic events.
By John D. Mueller
LBMC’s Growth Model
In L’Ordre Social, Rueff constructs a theoretical model of the world economy. In it, output is the flow of goods and services produced by the stocks of labor and capital. His analysis includes the interaction of market prices and costs of production (net of taxation); markets for goods claims and foreign exchange, which are integrated through internal and external trade by purchasing power parity (and disparity), including transportation costs and tariffs, a monetary system which may be either gold-convertible or inconvertible, with or without reserve currencies, with or without adjustment lags (which produce overshooting effects in the price level and exchange rates); a theory of how economic policy operated through incentives and disincentives, including not only taxation but also price- and other regulation; alternate methods of financing budget spending (taxation, borrowing, monetization) and their effects – among other things.
"Commercial banking grew out of the desire (inspired by the profit motive) to conserve cash (gold) and by means of credit to provide financial elasticity and growth in the commercial process of exchange. That is, all producers (sellers) who desired true money (gold), instead of the short-term secured credit bills – promissory notes of their customers (the buyers) – could, through the mediation of goldsmiths-turned-bankers and bill-merchants-turned-bankers, obtain real money by discounting their bills of exchange for gold with the emerging commercial bankers of early modern Europe. The combined institutions of stable money and secured credit enabled commercial civilization to make of the entire world the only closed economy."
Argentina is floundering. Brazil is struggling. Colombia is growing. Colombia is now the third largest economy in Latin America, according to Capital Economics. The Wall Street Journal’s Darcy Crowe and Taos Turner wrote recently: “After Argentina’s economy dwarfed Colombia’s for decades, economists say the trend reversed in January as the...
One of the themes for the Akan gold counterweights is the electric mudfish.
Image courtesy of AfricanMasks.info
Spark From The Deep by William Turkel has this to say about the fish upon which this counterweight is modeled:
The electric catfish also played an important role in the west African kingdom of Benin, which...